Different types of cement which are generally used in construction are-
- Ordinary Portland Cement
- Portland Pozzolana Cement
- Rapid Hardening Cement
- Quick setting cement
- Low Heat Cement
- Sulfates resisting cement
- Blast Furnace Slag Cement
- High Alumina Cement
- White Cement
- Colored cement
- Air Entraining Cement
- Hydrophobic cement
Ordinary Portland Cement
Ordinary Portland cement is first on the list of different types of cement which are used for construction work. This type of cement is widely used everywhere. OPC comes in three different grades viz. Grade 33, Grade 43 and Grade 53.
Grade 33 cement is used for construction works which are of less importance. Grade 43 provides good strength and hence is used widely for residential constructions. Grade 53 cement is used for huge structures or high rise buildings.
Pozzolana Portland Cement
Portland Pozzolana Cement is second in the list of different types of cement that are used for construction work. The cement which contains pozzolanic material as its one of the constituents is known as Portland Pozzolana Cement.
These are being widely used nowadays for residential construction works due to its benefits over Ordinary Portland Cement and low heat evolution.
Rapid Hardening Cement
Rapid Hardening Cement is third in the list of different types of cement used in construction work. It is used where high strength is required at early stages.
It is made by increasing the lime content of the Ordinary Portland Cement at the time of manufacturing.
It is used where formwork is to be removed in very less time, places where concreting is done in cold weather, construction of rigid pavements, and in industries where precast concrete structures are made.
Quick Setting Cement
Quick Setting Cement is fourth in the list of different types of cement used for construction work. It sets very quickly after its application.
It is made by adding a small percentage of aluminium sulfate and reducing the content of gypsum in Ordinary Portland Cement with the fine grinding of the mix at the time of manufacturing.
It is used in rainy season and in places where water cannot be prevented from coming into contact with the cement.
Low Heat Cement
Low Heat Cement is fifth in the list of different types of cement used for construction work. It produces very less heat when used for concreting or plastering.
It is produced by reducing the content of tricalcium aluminate at the time of manufacturing of Ordinary Portland cement.
It is used for mass concreting where a large amount of heat can cause cracks in concrete.
Sulfates Resisting Cement
Sulfates Resisting Cement is sixth in the list of different types of cement used for construction work. It provides better resistance against the sulfates which are present in water.
It is made by limiting the amount of tricalcium aluminate below the 6% at the time of manufacturing of Ordinary Portland Cement.
It is used in the environments where concrete is exposed to high concentrations of sulfates in water.
Blast Furnace Slag Cement
Blast Furnace Slag Cement is seventh in the list of different types of cement used for construction work. Blast Furnace Slag is a waste obtained from furnace slag.
Blast Furnace Slag is made by mixing furnace slag more than 60% in the clinker.
It is used where economic consideration is of utmost importance.
High Alumina Cement
High Alumina Cement is eighth in the list of different types of cement used for construction work. It is obtained by melting mixture of lime and bauxite and grinding it with clinker.
It is mainly used concrete has to withstand high temperature, frost, and acidic actions.
White Portland Cement
White Portland Cement is ninth in the list of different types of cement used for construction work. Its white color is obtained by decreasing the amount of chromium, manganese, iron, copper, vanadium, nickel and titanium in the Grey cement to as low as possible.
Its characteristics are almost same as Grey Cement in terms of strength and other properties. It is mainly used for precast concrete production and architectural works.
Colored Cement is tenth in the list of different types of cement used for construction work. It is manufactured by adding pigments in the Ordinary Portland Cement.
They are generally used for decorative purposes.
Air Entraining Cement
Air Entraining Cement is eleventh in the list of different types of cement used for construction work. It is made by mixing air entraining agents during grinding.
It is used mainly overcome the frost action on concrete.
Hydrophobic cement is twelfth in the list of different types of cement used for construction work. It is made by adding water repelling agents in the cement.
This type of cement is generally used for water retaining structures.