Which is the Best Cement for House Construction: OPC vs PPC

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Cement is one of the most important construction materials & having the correct knowledge of the same is of utmost importance.

But, before choosing the cement for house construction, there are few concepts that one should, which will definitely help them while choosing the best cement house construction.

In this article, we are going to talk about the most widely used cements which are generally used for house construction and will understand the difference between OPC vs PPC Cement in detail.

So, let’s get started.

For residential house construction, generally, 2 different types of cement are used:

  1. OPC Cement
  2. PPC Cement
Best Cement for House Construction: OPC vs PPC Cement

OPC Cement

Ultratech OPC Cement
Ultratech OPC Cement

Full form of OPC is Ordinary Portland Cement. It is a fine powder, produced by heating limestone and clay minerals in a kiln to form clinker, grinding the clinker, and adding 2 to 3 percent of gypsum. OPC Cement is found in 3 different grades:

  1. OPC 33 Grade
  2. OPC 43 Grade
  3. OPC 53 Grade

Advantages of OPC Cement:

  • Curing period is less than OPC, which in turn facilitates faster construction
  • Less cement consumption while making concrete of grade up to M35
  • Initial Strength is higher than PPC
  • OPC produces durable and sound concrete  

Applications of OPC Cement:

  • High-rise buildings
  • Roads, bridges & flyovers
  • Defense Structures

Read more about OPC Cement in detail.

PPC Cement

Ultratech PPC Cement
Ultratech PPC Cement

The full form of PPC is Portland Pozzolana Cement. PPC is made by adding the pozzolanic materials with the grey cement to impart better chemical resistance properties. PPC cement gains the strength of around 43 N/sq.mm after 30 days.

Advantages of PPC Cement:

  1. Better Chemical Resistance,
  2. Cheaper than OPC,
  3. Easily available,
  4. Recommended by most of the experts as it releases fewer chemicals during manufacturing and in turn helps save the environment.
  5. It gives a better surface finish

Applications of PPC Cement:

  1. Residential Construction
  2. Mass Concreting
  3. Marine Construction
  4. Pre-Stressed & Post-Tensioned Concrete members

Read more about PPC Cement in detail.

OPC vs PPC Cement: Difference between OPC and PPC Cement

Below is the table comparing the two:

PropertyPPC CementOPC Cement
Setting TimePPC Cement has higher setting time in comparison to OPCLower setting time in comparison to PPC
Grade of CementPPC Cement is available in only 1 grade (Comparable to OPC 43 Grade)OPC Cement is available in 3 different grades: 33 Grade, 43 Grade & 53 Grade
Environment FriendlyUse of industrial & natural waste during the manufacturing process of PPC Cement makes it more environment friendlyOPC Cement is not environment friendly as it releases large amount of CO2 during the time of manufacturing
Resistance to ChemicalsPPC Cement has better resistance to chemicalsOPC Cement has less resistance to chemicals
Initial Strength (after 7 days)Initial strength of PPC Cement after 7 days is lower than OPC CementInitial strength of OPC Cement after 7 days is higher than PPC Cement
Final Strength (after 28 days)Final strength of PPC Cement (after 28 days) is comparable to OPC 43 Grade CementFinal Strength of OPC Cement (43 grade) is same as PPC Cement
DurabilityPPC Cement more durable in long runOPC Cement is less durable in long run
Popular ApplicationsResidential Construction, Mass Concreting, Marine ConstructionHigh-rise buildings, Roads, Bridges, Flyovers, Defense Structures
Heat of HydrationPPC Cement releases less heat during the constructionOPC Cement releases more heat in comparison to PPC Cement

Which Cement is better for Residential House Construction?

We recommend using PPC Cement for residential house construction up to 3 floors as it offers better durability & resistance to chemicals. For high, rise buildings, the use of OPC Cement is recommended.

Along with the type of cement, it is also necessary to choose the best cement company, check out my guide on Top 10 Cement Companies in India to know more about the best cement companies.

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