Building materials are the materials which are employed in construction work. Here I am going to discuss the most important building materials which are employed in construction.
Different Building materials used in construction are:-
The first and most important Building Material is Concrete. It is a composite building material made from the combination of aggregate (composite) and a binder like cement.
To get a concrete construction of almost any size, as concrete has a fairly low tensile strength, it is normally fortified using steel rods or bars (called rebars).
This reinforced concrete is subsequently referred to as reinforced concrete. Concrete has become the predominant building material in this contemporary era owing to its longevity, formability, and ease of transportation.
Second in the list of Building Materials is Cement. It is a fine mineral powder fabricated with very precise procedures.
Mixed with water, this powder transforms into a glue that binds all the materials mixed with it. Since the composition and fineness of the powder can fluctuate, cement has different properties depending upon its own makeup. It’s an economical, high-quality construction material used in construction works worldwide.
Cement is produced by grinding together a mixture of limestone and clay, which is then heated to a temperature of 1,450°C. What results is a granular substance known as “clinker,” that a combination of calcium, silicate, alumina and iron oxide.
Third in the list of Building Materials is Sand. It may also refer to some textural class of soil or soil type; i.e., a soil containing over 85 percent sand-sized particles in bulk.
The composition of sand varies, depending on the local rock sources and conditions, however, the most frequent constituent of sand is silica (silicon dioxide, or SiO2), normally in the kind of quartz.
The next most frequent kind of sand is calcium carbonate, by way of instance, aragonite, which has largely been generated, within the last half billion decades, by various types of life forms, like coral and shellfish.
Sand is popularly used in concrete.
Fourth in the list of Building Materials is Aggregates. These are made by crushing the large rocks in crusher industries. These the most important load-bearing component of Concrete used in Construction.
Aggregates are of different sizes such as 10mm, 20mm etc. Aggregates occupy the most of the volume of the concrete and share of its weight is highest in concrete.
Fourth in the list of building materials is bricks. It is a block made from a kiln-fired material, usually, clay or shale, but also could be of lesser quality sand, etc.
Clay bricks are mainly formed by the process of molding (the soft mud method), or in commercial manufacture more frequently by extruding clay through a die and after that wire-cutting them to the appropriate size (the stiff mud process).
Bricks are widely utilized as a building material in India. This was likely due to the simple fact that it had been much more fire retardant than timber in the ever-crowding cities, and fairly cheap to create.
Fifth in the list of building materials is steel. Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron and is the typical choice for metal structural building materials.
It is powerful, flexible, and if treated well, it lasts quite a very long time.
Metal figures quite prominently in prefabricated structures used in most cosmopolitan cities. It requires a good deal of human labor to create an alloy, especially in the large quantities required for the building industries.
Sixth in the list of building materials is wood. It is a product of trees, and sometimes other fibrous crops, used for construction purposes when pressed or cut into timber and timber, like boards, boards, and similar materials.
It is a generic building material and is employed in building pretty much any form of construction in many climates.
Wood can be quite flexible under heaps, keeping strength while bending, and is incredibly powerful when compressed vertically.
There are lots of different qualities to the different kinds of timber, even one of same tree species. This implies specific species are better for various applications than others.
Historically, wood for building huge structures was utilized in its unprocessed form as logs. The trees were only cut to the desired length, sometimes stripped of bark, and then notched or lashed into position.
In earlier times, and in certain areas of the world, many country homes or communities possess a private wood-lot from which your family or community could grow and harvest trees to build with.
These lots are tended to like a backyard. This made buildings quicker to install and more uniform. Thus the contemporary western style home was created.
Seventh in the list of building materials is glass. These are utilized since the invention of glass to pay tiny openings in a building.
They provided people with the ability to both let light into chambers while at exactly the exact same time keeping the inclement weather outside.
The glass is usually created from mixtures of sand and silicates and is extremely brittle.
Contemporary glass “curtain walls” may be employed for the entire facade of a building. Glass may also be utilized to span over a wide roof construction in a “space frame”.
Eighth in the list of building materials is ceramics. These are these things such as tiles, fixtures, etc.
Ceramics are largely utilized as fixtures or coverings in buildings. Ceramic flooring, walls, counter-tops, even ceilings.
Many countries utilize ceramic roofing tiles to ensure many buildings. Ceramics used to be only a specialized type of clay-pottery firing in kilns, but it has developed into more technical areas.
Last in the list of building materials is plastics. The term plastics covers a variety of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic condensation or polymerization products that can be molded or extruded into objects or films or fibers.
Their name is derived from the fact that in their semi-liquid state they’re malleable, or have the property of plasticity.
Plastics vary immensely in heat tolerance, hardness, and resiliency. They are being utilized for producing water pipes and sewage pipes any many other products used at the time of house construction.
Infographic on Different Building Materials used in Construction